But when they have two or three years of teaching experience, they transferred to their native towns. Starting in December, however, Education Colleges across Myanmar will be implementing the next phase in teacher education reforms based on the new four-year teaching degree curriculum. Education, particularly higher education, is often perceived as a potential threat by the authorities who exercise strict control over education institutions. To accompany the NESP, a multi-year workplan and a monitoring and evaluation framework were created. The physical condition and human resource capacity of the system is poor by any standard, and teachers, whether in … Myanmar established a multi-stakeholder local education group, the Education & TVET Sector Coordination Group (ETVSCG) in 2017. Progress and Completion in Education. Education Expenditures However, the educational system was adversely affected by the coup d’états in 1962 and 1988, with academic spaces being targeted by the military to curb student protests and uprisings. It is a policy option currently being explored to raise the quality of Myanmars pre-service teacher education system, bringing it in line with international standards. I work for the GPE Secretariat Contributing to this is the education system, which encourages rote learning without challenge and promotes teacher ascendancy through the teacher-centred approach to learning. Most of students in rural areas cannot become teachers because they are not qualified to study and attend Education Colleges and Universities of Education. Following the start of the country’s various reforms in 2011, public funding for education has significantly increased, leading to an important rise in access. The Mon context offers another successful case study. The first multi-stakeholder annual performance review took place in August 2017, and the second in June 2018. The Myanmar Education Committee was established in 1991 and was renamed the National Education Committee in 2011 The committee remains responsible for up-keeping cultural, social, and traditional values within the education system, while respecting the economic and political visions of the country. Therefore, kids, especially boys attended the traditional Buddhist monastic education system. After gaining independence from British rule, the education system in Myanmar was a model of excellence in the Asia-Pacific. One of the primary areas that would benefit from reform is Burma’s education system. The longer children and youth are out of school in developing countries, the more likely it is that they never return. It is need to consider how to solve this problem. I work for a civil society organization In late March 2020, the UNICEF office in Myanmar received a GPE grant of US$140,000 to support the Ministry of Education in setting up an online communication mechanism with 18 sub-national offices for improved response planning and coordination. Abstract Myanmar's education system is in a very weakened state. I work in academia Teachers What is the role of teachers in the peacebuilding process of a country? Kyaw Min LattHeadmasterBasic Education Branch High School, Yega Lewe Township, Nay Pyi Taw ​Myanmar, XVIII World Congress of Comparative Education Societies, Bangalore, India, 18-22 July 2022, ICES 4th National Conference, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 20 June 2021, 2021 Virtual Conference of CESHK, 12-13 March 2021, ISCEST Nigeria 7th Annual International Conference, 30 Nov.-3 Dec. 2020, 3rd WCCES Symposium (Virtually through Zoom) 25-27 Nov. 2020, CESA 12th Biennial Conference, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26-28 Sept. 2020, CESI 10th International Conference, New Delhi, India, 9-11 Dec. 2019, 54th EC Meeting, Geneva, Switzerland, 14 Jan. 2019, XVII World Congress of Comparative Education Societies, Cancún, Mexico, 20-24 May 2019, ISCEST Nigeria 5th Annual Conference, 3-6 Dec. 2018, CESI 9th International Conference, Vadodara, India, 14-16 Dec. 2018, ICES 3rd National Conference, Ben-Gurion University, Israel, 17 Jan. 2019, WCCES Retreat & EC Meeting, Johannesburg, 20-21 June 2018, WCCES Symposium, Johannesburg, 21-22 June 2018, 5th IOCES International Conference, 21-22 June 2018, International Research Symposium, Sonepat, India, 11-12 Dec. 2017, WCCES Info Session & Launch of Online Course on Practicing Nonviolence at CIES, 29 March 2018, WCCES Leadership Meeting at CIES, 28 March 2018, 52nd EC Meeting of WCCES, France, 10-11 Oct. 2017, UIA Round Table Asia Pacific, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 21-22 Sept. 2017, Challenges of Qualified Rural Teacher Education in Myanmar, https://oxfordbusinessgroup.com/overview/learning-curve-changes-are-needed-revitalise-country%E2%80%99s-schools. Ministry of Education’s COVID-19 response plan. The National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) 2016-21, Displaced children need education support in a language they understand, Turning the COVID double jeopardy into opportunity for the most marginalized children, We have to prepare for the reopening of schools in developing countries, Improve quality and inclusion in formal basic education schools, Improve skills and practices of teachers and head teachers, Improve access to quality education for marginalized children, Expand access to quality non-formal education services, Move towards partnership with ethnic basic education providers, Strengthen public financial management and human resources management systems, Learners can access and graduate from quality-assured, certified and nationally credentialed AE programs to achieve their lifelong learning and career aspirations, Increased participation by different education service providers and partner organizations in the basic education sub-sector, Teachers are equitably recruited, promoted and deployed nationwide following the teacher recruitment, deployment and promotion policy and system, Significant improvements experienced by students in their school and classroom learning environment. Net enrollment in preprimary education saw an impressive growth between 2008 – when roughly 1 in 20 children were enrolled – and 2014 when nearly 1 in 4 children were enrolled. The NESP represents an important milestone for education in Myanmar, as the country’s very first education sector plan in the context of a major transition towards democracy. Investment in this sector is accorded a low priority by the government. Education in Burma is not only inaccessible to many people but also heightens existing ethnic tensions. Last year Myint Myint, Than, a student’s parent from Pyinmanar who encountered the new curriculum and new learning system for Standard 1 said “Although they say it’s much better, I don’t see any difference. The British Council introduced the English for Education College Trainers (EfECT) Project in Myanmar. New teachers started like this. "The first Government high scho… As pupils from classes 1 to 5 study in the same classroom, the teachers have to juggle several levels at once, moving from one group to another. The program supported by the US$73.7 million grant aims at improving basic formal education service delivery in disadvantaged townships through school plans/school grants, and at developing and implementing a continuous professional development (CPD) system. Teachers in state educati… I work for an international organization The committee is chaired by the Union Minister of Education. Although the current expenditure on education in Myanmar is higher than before, it is still low compared with neighboring countries.4Furthermore, pupil-to-teacher ratios are significantly higher in Myanmar than they are in neighboring countries, such as Thailand, at both primary and secondary levels.5An outdated curriculum also makes Myanmar’s education system less … Key challenges in Myanmar include limitations in the quality of education services at all levels of education and the number of qualified teachers, as well as weak school infrastructure and outdated teaching methods. It is also a problem that there are no expert teachers in rural areas. The grant was used also to set up an online platform to train teachers on the new curriculum prior to school re-opening. © 2021 Global Partnership for Education. Source: World Bank - Education Data ground information and education system of Myanmar. Nevertheless, this is a successful non-sate education regime which offers a model for dual-language schooling in a multi- ethnic country such as Burma - a prototype ‘federal’ education system. The educational system of Myanmar is operated by the government Ministry of Education. Progress and Completion in Education . 4.1 Career Pathways of TVET Teachers in Myanmar ... all seem to foster a balanced education system nor does it support a sustainable and fair development of a TVET system (Panth, 2013, pNevertheless, compared to the p.200f.). The education system is based on the United Kingdom's system, due to nearly a century of British and Christian presences in Burma. CSU expertise helps develop Myanmar education system. Click on the map to browse videos and stories highlighting GPE results, improve equitable access to, and quality of, basic education delivered through formal, nonformal and complementary institutions and providers, Ministry of Education’s COVID-19 response plan. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. The primary net enrollment rate (NER) increased from 88% in 2009-10 to 93 percent in 2014-15. Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country. The concept of a four-year degree course for primary and middle school teachers is new in Myanmar. In addition, protracted conflicts and emergencies are disrupting many children’s path to learning. I work for a private sector company It also discusses the two cross-cutting themes of gender dynamics and direct and indirect violence in the context of Myanmar Analytical Framework and Methodology The report draws on the … Washington, March 3, 2020 — A project to improve access to, and quality of, basic education nationwide in Myanmar was approved today by the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors.The project, financed by a US$100 million credit from the International Development Association (IDA), will be implemented over four school years. International NGOs (Save the Children, VSO) and two local civil society groups (MyMe and Ratana Metta) are active members of the group. It has 4 components: The grant's results-based portion (US$24 million) is tied to outcomes in equity, efficiency and learning: GPE has also provided the National Network for Education Reform (NNER) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform. ork covers indigenous education traditions, formal education systems, including school and preschool education, higher and professional education, education financing systems and structures, teacher education systems, addressing huge linguistic and other diversities, and marginalization within the formal education system, and pedagogy and curricula. Myanmar’s ASEAN neighbours have identified the quality of teaching as crucial to the success of their reforms, as has Myanmar, which included reforms for the training and management of teachers in the NEL. Therefore, I high-light the main challenges for the educational development in rural area and the consequences of these challenges. Discussions about the education system in Myanmar often tend to be dominated by the curriculum. According to Arohana, Thabyay Education Network: “Despite the high value placed on education in Myanmar culture, the state education system has long been in decline, suffering from a critical lack of resources and skills. An education official in Hopone, Shan, says that rural women often have fewer opportunities than their urban counterparts in Myanmar, while the challenges are compounded for ethnic minority females, who often face discrimination. 1.1 The current basic education system in Myanmar comprises six years of primary (Grade 1 to Grade 6), three years of lower secondary (Grade 7 to Grade 9) and two years of upper secondary (Grade 10 and Grade 11) education. Myanmar’s newly evolving democracy is limited by a lack of open debate and free discussion. The first five years of education in Myanmar are already compulsory, but they are not free. In 1884 Yangon College was established and was affiliated to Calcutta University in India. The revised system will include a teacher quality assessment system that will reward those who deliver measurable achievements in student learning. Thank you. There are currently 47, 365 basic education schools in Myanmar with approximately 9.26 million students. The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Myanmar, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework. A CSU academic has recently returned from providing strategic and technical assistance to address critical issues in pre-service teacher education in Myanmar (formerly Burma). 3. The US$11 million COVID-19 grant supports: These initiatives are based on the Ministry of Education’s COVID-19 response plan. Myanmar. I work in journalism / media Dr. Mya Oo, the Secretary of Education Development Committee of Myanmar has said that the first step that is needed is to create a system of free and compulsory education. Universities and professional institutes from upper Burma and lower Burma are run by two separate entities, the Departments of Higher Education, whose office headquarters are in Yangon and Mandalay respectively. The group benefits from high-level leadership at the ministry of Education and is co-facilitated by development partners (currently chaired by Australia and UNESCO, with also  the Asian Development Bank, Denmark, DFID, EU, Finland, Germany, Japan/JICA, Switzerland, UNICEF and the World Bank). Actually, the gap of ed-ucational development of the urban and rural area is very big. Currently, Myanmar high schools go up to 10 th standard, or 11 th grade, while other countries have a 12-grade system and a university entrance exam which we don’t have. Other. All the … Historically, Burma, officially called Myanmar, has not supported and has even been hostile to education. I work for a government agency Teacher Education (Co-chairs: UNICEF, British Council) Education and Language (Co-Chairs: UNICEF, Pyoe Pin) Non-Formal Education (Co-Chairs: World Education, World Vision) School Construction (Co-Chairs: Swiss Development Cooperation, World Vision) A new group on Monastic Education is … The only distinctive point is where the curriculum is divided into small groups,” Dr Zaw Latt Tun does not repudiate that remark. I work for a research organization Education specialists agree that the curriculum is badly in need of reform and would also benefit from the introduction of modern teaching methods and technology. In-service teachers actively participate in teaching and mentoring activities implemented by trainers and mentors, deliver interactive teaching in basic education schools, and achieve Teacher Competency Framework Standards. The negative impact of COVID-19 will be absolutely devastating to marginalized out-of-school children and their families, since the current pandemic is a double jeopardy for them. Lessons learned from mother tongue-based multilingual education can lead the way. Then in 1866, the British established an education centre in lower Myanmar and the monastic education system was transformed into classroom education. The National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) 2016-21 was developed as a result of a nationwide comprehensive education sector review, which started in 2012. In terms of opportunity, by the time we are able to implement this education strategic plan, our education system will be compatible with other countries at least in terms of system. 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