It was their life. how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? And yet the Lord is going to enlarge him. But his life is still in danger. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. David is using what we call an allusion – an indirect reference to something. And not a moment too soon. He says, “I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.” In Psalm 3 David said he could lay down and sleep as well. He increased David in some way that we don’t know about yet. 8:5), to receive instruction. Right? But circumstances are different here. We’ll starve! And be gracious to you; So, in a very narrow-feeling spot in David’s life, the Lord extended David. Well, there should be. That word translated “godly man” is related to CHESED – loyal covenant love. Israel needed the Lord. Let’s see if Baal will do it for us. Or, Be angry, as the word is here rendered by all the ancient, and by some modern translators, and even by St. Your explanation helped a lot. As I say – the rest of the psalm is still kind of a closed book if we’re trying to understand it as stemming from David being slandered by some bad guys. Psalm 3 refers to David's rising up in the morning, whereas Psalm 4 refers to his nighttime sleep. And it’s not the mere form of offering a sacrifice that pleases the Lord. I am a pastor. That wasn’t just their job, either. Psalms 4. And put your trust in the LORD. ANALYSIS OF THE FOURTH PSALM "There are THREE parts in this Psalm: "- I. Not the supposed blessing of idols. David could be that man, but instead he trusted in the LORD. BRIEF OUTLINE. Psalm 4 shares themes with Psalm 3. Because they’re just now recognizing that they’ve offended the only true and living God. These words don’t sound very joyful. Instead, the idea was that David found safety in his solitude with God. So somehow these guys are shaming David’s God. Or what about this phrase – “money is a little tight right now”. So, let’s try to discover the real underlying situation of Psalm 4. Now, you might wonder if this verse also serves as the petition. Why tell them to meditate on their beds? There were wild dogs waiting down in the lower parts on the sides of the paths that would kill sheep that fell off the paths. Psalm 4:5. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Psalm 4#In Hebrew texts 4:1-8 is numbered 4:2-9.For the director of music. How does that fit in with the rest of the psalm if it’s all about David being slandered? To the Chief Musician. 4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. But I don’t think it does. Chapter 4. Selah Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, In Psalm 3 we had the context given to us right in the superscription. I'm working my way through the book of Psalms and translating ones that stand out to me into worship songs. Be angry, and do not sin. Commentary for Psalms 4 . Your email address will not be published. The LORDlift up His countenance upon you, Let’s find them. Not in temporal things in and of themselves. They should stand in awe and not sin. Psalms 4 Commentary, this commentary, once the most popular commentary, is favored by Christians of many denominations II. Thank you and stay blessed. These folks are loving emptiness – in the Hebrew – and seeking a lie or a delusion. Do you ever feel a little embarrassed about doing that? Now let’s go through the psalm one more time pointing out details that might help us understand the psalm better. 4. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Corn/food, wine/drink, money, clothes, houses, land, vehicles, whatever else. He wanted both. One of the commentaries I purchased that comes highly recommended by conservative Christians is Peter Craigie’s book in the Word Biblical Commentary series on the Psalms. Here’s the first possibility of why this psalm was written. He therefore had a gladness that the world could not take away, even with all their slander and lies. In Psalm 4, David isn’t fleeing for his life and afraid that someone will kill him. “Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.” At the time, Absalom, David's son had usurped the throne (2 Samuel 15—18). Let’s think a little more about the imagery in this verse. Yahweh ain’t giving it. (1-5) God's favour is happiness. But despite David’s righteousness and God’s willingness to back up the fact that David is righteous – look at what David needs to tell certain Israelites in Palm 4:2. It’s what they work for. It can turn into ungodliness, for sure. Psalm 4:4. He reminded himself to not sin in his anger, and to find solace in meditation before the LORD. I taught a few semesters of Greek online to some students at Foundation Baptist College up yonder. And that story is well-documented in the Old Testament books of Samuel. Sometimes it may have seemed like God didn’t care if the Israelites lived or died. 2, 3. No, not really. And so David prays that the Lord would indeed do these things for his people. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. That’s what David needed. David derived more joy from the Lord himself than when idolaters got their crops in. What does that have to do with slandering David? His fields would have been suffering, too. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Answer me when I call to you,my righteous God.Give me relief from my distress;h But then you start into Palm 4:4 and really in my mind this interpretation just falls apart. And that’s the problem with these idolaters. I think it’s about increase. Do you wonder if it’s ungodly? Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Now, let’s talk about the situation underlying this Psalm. David leads them to know how to remedy this situation. There’s grain and new wine. The phrase “stand in awe” is literally “tremble”. And so they’re chasing after idols who can’t do a thing for them. But he ain’t workin’ for us anymore. But that’s how David starts off this psalm – with a reference to increase. An apostrophe to his enemies, which is, 1. You have relieved me in my distress; Instead, David actually addresses them as if they were standing right there in front of him. So, I think this verse serves only as the invocation. So, this interpretation of the underlying situation is plausible so far. And when David addresses the idolatrous Israelites in Psalm 4:2-5, he’s really taking them to task for going about seeking increase in the wrong way. “Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.”. We’ve dealt with overarching matters in Psalm 4. And God hears David. (6-8) 1-5 Hear me for thy mercy-sake, is our best plea. Selah. 1. So, anyway, feel free to address those who are troubling to you in your heart as you’re brushing your teeth or whatever else! David moved it to Jerusalem. And give you peace. The voice of the ungodly cynic echoed in David’s ear. 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness! LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.”. B. David talks to himself. Let me read that for you. And the only way the enemies can make their accusations seem legitimate is to use deception – to aim at deception. What does David call God? Why? How are they doing that? People are troubled about many things, but God ‘puts gladness in our hearts.’. The title does not tell us, as that of the former did, that it was penned on any particular occasion, nor are we to think that all the psalms were … With stringed instruments. We need rain. Awesome job explaining this Psalm. Keep up holy reverence of the glory and majesty of God. In Psalm 4:1 where David is invoking the Lord he says that the Lord enlarged him when he was in distress. I mean, it’s harvest time. And that’s what most of ancient Israel was – farmers. It is usually very big. And lastly, I think we can take Psalm 4:8 as the statement of praise. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. How long will you people turn my glory into shame? And the Lord did this for David in the most impossible circumstances. Now we’ll move one psalm further onto Psalm 4. Some translations say “relieved” or something else that’s fairly abstract and doesn’t give you a very good picture of what’s going on. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Psalm 4:5 "Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD." c. Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD: David knew the value of doing religious things (offer the sacrifices), yet he also knew that those could not replace trust in the LORD. Stand in awe — Hebrew, רגזו, rigzu, Tremble, therefore, and be afraid, if not of me, yet, at least, of God, who hath engaged himself in my cause, and will be an adversary to my adversaries. The food finally comes! Selah. Answer me when I call to you, my righteous God. He won’t fear if the crop doesn’t yield. Seek the Lord and pray to him, like David does here. A drought, probably around the time of harvest. The theme is then what the poet says about his topic. that so many should make so fearful a choice. It doesn’t come from idols. Psalms 4:8. He proposes his request and suit for audience. The entire rest and tranquillity of God's faithful servants, when they lay them down on their bed at night, is beautifully expressed in the words of the text. Psalms 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material It’s as if the idolaters are trying to justify their faithless acts. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. And we’ve basically seen the theme – what David says about increase. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. They’re calling into question his integrity and righteousness. So, again, the focus is on increase – in this section, about how not to go about looking for increase. This is a glorious conception of sleep. And yet, look at Palm 4:6. Ask the Lord to bless your efforts – to lift up the light of his countenance upon you. But from the Lord. The Lord might withhold the kind of increase we think we need. And that’s what occupies him through Psalm 4:5. But it’s really hard to figure out Psalm 4’s context. It’s brief – probably one or two words usually. Their lives are void of such love in their own hearts. They need rain. 2. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The children of men proved, and the happiness of godly people. Psalms 4:2 O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? They better talk things over with themselves and reconsider their choices. So, where’s true increase to be found? Next in Psalm 4:6 David goes about seeking increase the right way. But the Lord makes David happier than that – even when he’s being deprived of these things that make these other folks so happy. And instead of repenting of their sins, they tried to find a way to still indulge in their sins while also getting the rain they needed. Because they won’t embrace God’s loyal covenant love. There are many who say, “Who will show us any good?” 4 Tremble and[ d] do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your hearts and be silent. Sacrifice without trust was an affront to the Lord. It’s true that the Psalmist is asking for something. David isn’t describing the faithless idolatrous Israelites to the Lord. Pray that God will do something for poor people that you know. “And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23 Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them, 24 The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: 25 The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: 26 The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee [there’s the familiar part], and give thee peace. 4:6-8 WORD AND PHRASE STUDY. View Bible Text. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Address to opponents, Ps. And seek falsehood? Just because David was godly doesn’t necessarily mean that God exempted David from the effects of this drought. I’ll tell show you both and give you the one that I prefer and why. I was preparing a funeral message for a woman who found constant encouragement from this Psalm in the course of a lifetime filled with many difficulties. After continual disappointment from man, we may begin to doubt if God will show us any good. And so David gives these faithless ones some counsel. Their accusations against David are worthless in reality. Well, enter Baal – the Canaanite rain god. But it’s simply that God would answer his prayer. We can also expect to be able to sit and listen in while the Psalmist develops a strategy for mastering a crisis in his life. David could be happy even in distressing times, because the LORD put gladness in his heart. They’re not seeking the Lord to provide the increase that they need. And this consideration of God’s enlarging the righteous David leads David to a heartfelt admonition to his compatriots who apparently weren’t acting very righteously and were turning to idols for their increase. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. 2 How long, O you sons of men, Will you turn my glory to shame? And he’ll give you gladness that surpasses anything this temporal life has to offer. The LORD make His face shine upon you, So, don’t lose sleep in lean times. And so if we’re not allowed to seek Baal for help – who’s going to help us? User Commentary: Hebrew OT - Transliteration - Holy Name KJV Tehillim / Psalms 4. No one does. The Lord won’t. “I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.”. So, that was easy. He won’t fear famine and drought. Psalm 4 is good for what ails you. 5 Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.”, “There be many that say, Who will shew us any good? A tent is a building made from animal skins, like goats. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. He felt himself to be squeezed in some way. Us, don ’ t we say something like we feel pinched understand the better. 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